Article I - Name
The name of this international organization, founded on August
29, 1909, in Budapest, is the International League Against Epilepsy
(hereinafter called “the League”).
Article II - Reorganization
The League is reorganized as of September 1999, upon adoption
of this Constitution.
Article III - Objectives
The objectives of the League are:
- The advancement and dissemination throughout the world of
knowledge concerning the epilepsies.
- The encouragement of research concerning the epilepsies.
- The promotion of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, advocacy
and care for all persons suffering from these disorders.
- The improvement of education and training in the field of
Article IV - Methods
To that end, but without restriction, the main objectives of the
League and insofar as the same shall be wholly charitable, the
- Encourage the establishment and maintenance of national
societies which will be the national members of the League (hereinafter
- Seek to establish and maintain effective cooperation with
other international organizations active in the field of the
medical sciences, public health, and social care, who are, or
may become concerned with problems related to the epilepsies.
- . Promote publications concerning the epilepsies and arrange
for the publication of the journal of the League, EPILEPSIA,
and other League educational and informational materials.
or sponsor international congresses, symposia, or other meetings,
in particular the International Congress of the League, to be
held at the time and place as prescribed in the ByLaws.
- Appoint special commissions or individuals for the purpose
of studying specified problems related to the aims of the League
recommendations for implementation of
- Develop and apply other methods consistent with
the objectives of the League.
Article V - Legal Status
- The League is an incorporated, non-profit international organization
constituted in accordance with law.
- The League is non-political and non-sectarian.
- The location of the League’s Executive Office will
be decided upon every four years by the Executive Committee.
Article VI - Membership
- Membership in the League shall be by membership in national
professional organizations composed of members who are professionals
in the field of patient care or research in epilepsy and whose
principal concern is with the problems of epilepsy.
It is strongly urged that each member country develop both an ILAE and an
IBE chapter. There must be valid reasons for exemptions from this recommendation
which would result in a mixed professional and lay membership for a period
of time and only professional members of a mixed organization constitute
the basis of dues and votes and can serve as chapter delegates of ILAE. The
minimum membership of a chapter is 9
professionals which is deemed to be the minimum number that would allow the
required rotation of President, Secretary-General and Treasurer.
- There shall be only one Chapter in each country. When there
is more than one eligible organization in a country, the Executive
Committee shall recommend for membership that organization
which, in its opinion, can best accomplish the objectives of
- The Chapters shall be voted into the League upon the approval
of the Executive Committee and two- thirds vote of approval
by the General Assembly. Pending approval by the General Assembly,
a national organization may be provisionally admitted to the
League by decision of the Executive Committee which will entitle
the national chapter to all rights of membership except the right
- By applying for membership a national society agrees to
fulfill all obligations of Chapters as stated in this Constitution
and By-Laws. National Chapters are autonomous societies, but
their Constitutions must not contain articles inconsistent with
the Constitution of the League.
- Membership becomes effective only when the applicant has
sent to the Secretary-General a list of names and addresses of
individual members and paid to the Treasurer the first annual
- The secretary of each chapter shall send to the Secretary-General
of the League in January of each year an update of names and
addresses of each of its members as of December 31 of the previous
- A chapter may withdraw from membership by giving notice in
writing to the Secretary-General.
- On recommendation of the Executive Committee, membership
may be terminated by the General Assembly with a two-thirds majority
vote if the Chapter fails to pay its annual dues or if, for
any other reason, it no longer fulfills the stated
requirements for membership.
Article VII - Administration
The League shall be administered by the Executive Committee and
the General Assembly.
Article VIII - The Executive Committee
- The Executive Committee shall consist of the officers of
the League, the President, Secretary-General and Treasurer of
the International Bureau for Epilepsy, (hereinafter called the “Bureau”),
the Editor-in-Chief of EPILEPSIA and the Information Officer.
The President, Secretary-General and Treasurer of the Bureau
and the designated Information Officer are non-voting members
of the ILAE Executive Committee. The Executive Committee shall
conduct the affairs of the League subject to ratification by
the General Assembly.
- Eighteen months before the end of the Executive Committee’s
current term, the President shall appoint an Elections Commission
of five persons chaired by the Immediate Past President. The
Commission is to conduct the elections procedures in two stages.
- The Elections Commission shall consider the criteria of geographic
distribution when selecting candidates for election to the Executive
Committee and proposing the slate of officers to the General
Assembly: The elected officers shall be the President, Secretary-General,
Treasurer, and two Vice Presidents.
- The geographic distribution of the slate of officers
proposed to the General Assembly shall be restricted as follows:
Each of the five elected
officers must be primary members of different chapters. Primary
membership is defined by the location of where professional
performed. No more than two members of the Management Committee shall
come from the same region, as defined by the regional
organization accepted within ILAE, and no
more than three of the five elected officers shall come from the same
- The Elections Commission shall ascertain that all candidates
have the support of their own Chapters, and are available
and willing to serve.
- The Elections Commission shall request each Chapter
to nominate one candidate for President irrespective of nationality
or geography, and then the Elections Commission shall choose
candidates by a plurality of votes (preliminary voting by
mail, e-mail, or fax ballot with multiple votes as specified
to follow). Should two or more candidates receive equal votes,
the Elections Commission has the final choice.
- After ascertaining the willingness of each
candidate to serve, the Commission shall then submit the
slate to each Chapter for voting by mail, e-mail or fax. Each
Chapter has from 1-6 votes depending on the number of members
in good standing. This mail, e-mail, or fax ballot represents
the final voting process for the election of the President.
In the case of a tie between two candidates, the third
candidate would be dropped and a runoff held between the two
tied candidates. In the case of a tie between three candidates,
the Election Commission will select two candidates for the final
- Following completion of the Presidential Election,
the Elections Commission shall request each Chapter to submit
a slate of four names as candidates for elected officers. The
Elections Commission shall choose a total of 12
candidates on the basis of preliminary voting by mail, e-mail, or fax
with multiple votes as
- Having received a letter of acceptance from each candidate,
the Elections Commission shall then submit the slate to
each Chapter for voting by mail, e-mail, or fax selecting again
four names among the twelve candidates. Each Chapter has 1-6
votes depending on the number of members in good standing. If
two or more candidates obtain the same number of votes either
in the preliminary or final voting, the Elections Commission
shall have the right to determine the final choice. The Elections
Commission will, with the advice and consent of the President-Elect,
appoint the Secretary-General, Treasurer, and two Vice Presidents
from the newly elected slate which must be approved by the General
- The Elections Commission shall be responsible for fully
informing all Chapters about the
nominating and elections process well in advance of the actual
election. It shall also be responsible for policy that discourages
inappropriate conduct for elections of a professional society.
- The Editor-in-Chief of EPILEPSIA shall be responsible for
editing EPILEPSIA in accordance with the general policies established
by the Executive Committee. He shall be appointed by the Executive
subject to ratification of the General Assembly. He shall vote
except in matters pertaining to the journal, EPILEPSIA, and
- The Information Officer centrally collects all
professionally relevant information on epilepsy and makes it
available to professionals throughout the world. He publishes
a Newsletter at least twice yearly.
- The term of officers of the Executive Committee is the fiscal
period which is four years. The President and the immediate
past-President shall serve one term, the Vice-Presidents, the
Secretary-General and Treasurer may be re-elected for one additional
term. The Editor-in-Chief of EPILEPSIA and the Information
Officer shall be appointed by the Executive Committee and may
be reappointed for a maximum of three terms. Their appointment
may be terminated at any time subject to ratification by the
General Assembly. Should any vacancy in the Executive Committee
occur it shall be filled by the Executive Committee subject to
ratification by the General Assembly.
- No person may occupy a seat on the Executive Committee for
a period exceeding a maximum of sixteen years.
- The Executive Committee may hold meetings at any time or
in any place which may be convenient to its members; it may
conduct its business by mail.
- The Executive Committee shall have the power to formulate
at any time By-Laws not in conflict with the Constitution,
subject to ratification by the General Assembly.
Article IX - The General Assembly
- The General Assembly shall be convened during each International
Congress of the League. Its membership shall consist of the
official delegate of each chapter who carries the total number
of votes of that chapter.
- The General Assembly shall receive and consider for vote
of approval, the reports of the President, the Secretary-General,
the Treasurer, the Editor-in- Chief of EPILEPSIA, and the chairmen
of Committees and Commissions.
- It shall vote on proposals submitted to it by the Executive
- It shall approve the admission of new Chapters or the termination
of membership of a Chapter
- It shall approve the budget for the following fiscal period
submitted by the Executive Committee, and shall set the annual
contribution to be made by
- Between meetings of the General Assembly, should urgent
business arise requiring General Assembly action, this shall
be carried out by mail as deter- mined by the Executive Committee.
- It shall set the time and place of future Congresses, after
recommendation by the Executive Committee.
- Meetings of the General Assembly are open unless a number
exceeding 10 percent of the delegates present requests the Chair
to close the meeting to observers. Only delegates may speak and
vote. Exceptionally the presiding officer with the approval of
the General Assembly may invite a nondelegate to speak, but not
Article X - EPILEPSIA
- The editorial Advisory Board of EPILEPSIA shall consist of
the Executive Committee.
- The Executive Committee shall appoint the Editor- in-Chief.
The term of office for the Editor-in-Chief is 4 years and appointment
expires automatically. The Editor-in-Chief may be reappointed
though the maximum term is 12 years.
- The Editorial Board shall consist of editors appointed by
the Editor-in-Chief. The term of office of the editors is usually
4 years and appointment expires automatically. Any editor may
- The Executive Committee shall approve all contracts related
to the publication of EPILEPSIA.
- All financial responsibilities
of EPILEPSIA reside with the Treasurer and the Executive Committee
of the League.
Article XI - Dues
- Each Chapter shall pay to the League, before April I of
each year, the annual dues which shall be
proportional to the number of members as of December 31 of the
previous year, and shall be fixed for each fiscal period by the
- The League shall have the authority to accept and administer
gifts, legacies, movable or immovable properties, donations,
and assets of any kind with out any restrictions as to the amount
- The assets of the League shall be used to further the objectives
of the League as authorized by the Executive Committee.
- No portion of the assets of the League shall be paid directly
or indirectly to any Officer or any member of the League or
its Chapters except for payment of expenses made in the interest
of the League.
- Proper books of account shall be kept by the Treasurer,
and they shall be certified by a qualified auditor at the end
of each fiscal year.
Article XII - Special Commissions
- Special commissions in unlimited number may be appointed
by the President of the League as
recommended by the Executive Committee. The President, Secretary-General
and Treasurer of the League shall be ex officio members of each
- No expenses shall be incurred by a Commission on behalf
of the League without consent of the Executive Committee.
- Annual budgets and financial reports of the Commissions
must be approved by the Executive Committee.
Article XIII - International Bureau for Epilepsy
- The International Bureau for Epilepsy (hereinafter called
shall serve, for the League, as its agency for social aspects
of the epilepsies and shall be a medium for contact with lay
organizations devoted to these problems. The Bureau shall operate under the
provisions of its own Constitution and ByLaws.
- The President, the Secretary-General
and the Treasurer of the League shall be ex officio non-
voting members of the Bureau Executive Committee.
- The President, the Secretary-General and the Treasurer of
the Bureau shall be ex officio non-
voting members of the Executive Committee of the League.
Article XIV - Dissolution or Amalgamation
- The League may be dissolved or may amalgamate with another
body having similar objectives on
proposal of the Executive Committee, ratified by a two-thirds
majority of the General Assembly.
- In the event of dissolution, the assets of the League may
not be divided among its members but shall be transferred to
one or more other international organizations of similar interests,
as agreed by the General Assembly.
Article XV - Amendments
The present Constitution may be amended by a
two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Amendments may be
initiated by the Executive Committee or by 25 percent of the
Chapter Delegates. Such amendments must be submitted to the Secretary-General
at least 90 days before the next General Assembly, and due notice
of such amendments shall be given to all Chapters by the Secretary-General
at least 60 days before the meeting of the General Assembly.