Epigraph Volume 10 Issue 1, Winter 2008
From The Information Officer
Evolving a League
In this edition of Epigraph there are multiple examples of how the League continues to evolve to incorporate the changes that are taking place. President Wolf describes the true explosion of educational events as well as regional and cross-regional collaborations that took place in the last year. Secretary-General Moshé presents proposed changes to the League’s constitution that would ensure truly broad international representation on the League’s Executive Committee. Anne Berg, Chair of the Commission on Classification and Terminology, describes the ongoing efforts to classify seizure types and syndromes properly, and Torbjörn Tomson, Chair of the International European Registry of Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy, details the growth and challenges faced by the very important pregnancy and epilepsy registries. The invitation from Shichuo Li and Shih-Hui Lim to participate in the upcoming Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congress in Xiamen indicates how much the regional meetings have grown in size and quality over the years so that they are now attracting truly international participants. All of these are signs of a healthy and growing organization.
There is one other direction in which the League must evolve: better communication with its individual members. In its early days the League directed information to the chapters, as keeping up with all of the individuals in all of the member countries was well beyond the capacity of a (at the time) small organization in the pre-computer era. Today we estimate that the League consists of 14,000 individuals (but the estimate is partly conjecture). The problem is that we don’t know who most of you are. To ensure that all members are aware of the many activities and opportunities that exist within the League and its regions, it is essential that we can contact each of you. For this reason the League wants to know who and where you are for the simple reason of getting information and announcements to you as quickly and directly as possible. The success of any organization depends on its members, and, to help the organization improve, the members have to know what the League is doing and where opportunities exist to participate more fully. In the coming several years we will be making a major effort to create as accurate and complete a membership list as possible. Please help the League by providing us with the contact information when we come asking.
Edward H. Bertram
Highlights of the year
The ILAE can look back on 2007 with pleasure and pride. The year stands out by:
- an explosion of our educational programs with no less than five summer schools, three of them new (Latin American Summer School on Epilepsy - LASSE, Migrating Course on Epilepsy for Central/Eastern Europe, and Baltic Sea Summer School on Epilepsy - BSSSE), and four parallel distance education modules, one of them (EEG) accomplished for the first time and with great success, and two others new (Clinical AED Pharmacotherapy and Neuroimaging in Epilepsy);
- the establishment of North-South cooperation in the Americas, initiated by the two regional Commissions, with exchange programs and a development plan for the Caribbean in general and the island of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) in particular;
- another successful International Epilepsy Congress which took place in Singapore;
- the launch of a new prize, the Morris-Coole Prize for the best publication of one year in Epilepsia, given in Singapore together with the traditional Michael Prize, with prize lectures, and with announcement of the shortlist of candidate papers proposed by the Journal's Associate Editors; and
- a highly rewarding Strategic Planning Meeting with the Chairs of all our Commissions in Brussels. The meeting started with every Chairperson giving a report on the Commission’s work, and it was truly impressive to see the whole range of activities which are conducted by our organization.
The above is only a selection of highlights, and there are many other and similar initiatives. They provide exciting examples of the rich, varied and vivacious activities on all levels and in all sorts of networks that today are perhaps the most distinctive feature of our organization. We can be proud of that. I would especially point out that, with Europe and North America as traditional strongholds of epileptology and with Asia/Oceania having gained a lot of momentum in the new millennium, Latin America has this year joined the ranks of excellence. Thus, the 1st LASSE in São Paolo was from my perspective the “Event of the Year”, a turning point for the development of epilepsy in that region and giving the young generation there enormous encouragement to work in our field, for everybody’s benefit.
The global organization and the regions
The ILAE was founded, in 1909, primarily as an international society which soon established national committees. Today, the national organizations which constitute its membership are all legally independent entities incorporated in their respective countries. Their individual memberships stretch from a handful to over 2,000, and, also, their resources and activities vary widely. Some are more aware than others that they are part of a global organization. Since the establishment of an intermediate organizational level between Executive Committee (EC) and Chapters — the regional Commissions — regional identities have developed, as intended and expected. The challenge we are faced with is to ensure an optimal balance between EC, Regions and Chapters, a balance which works best for all who like to be involved in our manifold activities. One of the issues is the adequate participation of all regions in our global agenda and in the EC. This balance is not easy to find. It is presently under intense discussion by the EC and was also part of our dialogue with the Regional Commission Chairs last October. We do not plan to develop the ILAE into a federation of national or regional organizations. We need dynamism, global strategies and global innovative action more than ever and a strong international leadership to ensure these. But we also believe that the regions can give us and have given us highly valuable input on the background of their local knowledge and experiences, and we want to give more room for the participation of the regions in our global agenda.
The coming elections
In the coming year, the procedures to elect the next Executive Committee will start under the direction of an Election Committee chaired by the Immediate Past President, Giuliano Avanzini. The first step is the election of the new President from a slate of candidates who must meet the requirement to have served at least one term of office on the Executive Committee. This is to make sure that they have experience with our organization. Although the willingness of some persons to serve the League in this capacity has already become apparent, the election campaign has not begun, and it is not yet known how many of the possible candidates will actually stand for election and who. The candidacies will be announced early in 2008. In a democratic association, all candidates must have a fair and equal chance at elections. They will be given an opportunity to publicly present themselves and convince our membership that they merit election to our highest office. Please take a good look at the visions and plans of all candidates, the record of their achievements and the commitment they have demonstrated, to elect the person who is most likely to ensure another period of dynamic development of our organization.
In the second part of the election, all Chapters will be invited to nominate candidates for the other offices, and those who receive the most nominations will then be put to a vote. We are fortunate that around the world there are now many worthy and dedicated people — men and women — who are willing to serve on the Executive Committee. The ILAE, in spite of its dynamism and ability for renewal and progress, is a slightly atavistic organization in one respect: all its officers are, and have been for decades, only men. Therefore, the next President, whoever it will be, will again be a man. I feel strongly that the time has come for a change, and very much hope that the Chapters will nominate some of the excellent women who are active in our Chapters and Commissions to be strong candidates with a good chance to be elected.
With Season’s Greetings and my very best wishes for the New Year I am
| Governance Restructuring Discussion
Solomon L. Moshé
Since its founding as a small group of concerned professionals in Budapest almost a century ago, the ILAE has grown into a truly worldwide organization with members on all of the inhabited continents. The growth in the size of the League together with improved communication technology has led to an explosion of regional activities as well as collaboration among the different regions. Because much of the work now focuses on issues that are regional and global, it may be time for the structure of the League’s leadership to evolve to reflect the new global membership of the League and to ensure that the leadership is always aware of the different perspectives that the regions have. To achieve this goal the League is considering amending its constitution to ensure participation of all regions in the Executive Committee.
At the moment the Executive Committee consists of the President, three Vice Presidents, Secretary-General, Treasurer, and the Immediate Past President as elected members. In addition there are five to six ex-officio non-voting members (The President, Secretary-General and Treasurer of the International Bureau for Epilepsy, the Editor(s)-in-Chief of Epilepsia and the Information Officer).
The proposed change is the addition of six regional Vice Presidents who will be elected by their respective regions and who will also serve as chairs of their regional commissions. These regional Vice Presidents will be voting members of the Executive Committee. This change will require a change in the League’s constitution which must be ratified by the League’s Chapters. Although the regional Vice Presidents will bring the perspectives of their regions to the Executive Committee it is expected that they will work on behalf of, and in the best interests of the ILAE globally. The new total number of Vice Presidents will be seven: one Vice President elected by world-wide vote and six regional Vice Presidents.
The Management Committee will now consist of the President, one Vice President, Secretary-General, Treasurer, and Immediate Past President, and it will continue to carry out the policies set by the Executive Committee to govern the League between meetings of the Executive Committee.
This brief description was written to inform the League’s members of the proposed changes. A more complete description is on the ILAE’s Web Site. As we prepare the final formal amendment, we invite comments from all our members to ensure that the constitutional changes accurately represent the wishes of our chapters and representatives. Please send the comments to my attention at email@example.com. The documents will also be provided to allow discussion at the Chapter Conventions held in conjunction with the 2008 Regional Congresses.
We wish to have the constitutional amendments drafted and presented for ratification at the 2009 Budapest International Epilepsy Congress. If ratified, the new structure would then be implemented for the 2013 Executive Committee election.
We look forward to your thoughtful insights and suggestions.
I would like to thank the League’s Vice President, Emilio Perucca, who worked closely with me in the preparation of these proposed constitutional changes. His insights and suggestions were essential to the creation of the proposal.
Solomon L. Moshé
|Workshops at The 2007 International Chapter Convention
Following are some photos from the Educational Workshop at the Chapter's Convention Day in Singapore.
Participants at the 2007 Educational Workshop in Singapore.
Peter Wolf and Perrine Plouin help the group set priorities.
|Michael Prize 2009
The Michael Prize is an international award in epilepsy which reflects a body of work. Awarded by a jury of peers, the Prize emphasizes the importance of carrying out laboratory research that can be translated into the care for patients. It is awarded biennially and is designed to recognize younger scientists (up to 45 years of age). The Michael Prize, supported by Belgian pharmaceutical company UCB, carries with it a monetary award of EUR 15,000. Nominations and applications for the 2009 Michael Prize are based on manuscripts or publications which have appeared in 2007/2008 (in either English or German). Each nomination should include the CV of the nominated investigator along with the relevant manuscripts or publications. Submissions should be sent, before 31 December 2008, to: Stiftung Michael, Muenzkamp 5, D–22339 Hamburg, Germany. Further information is available at: firstname.lastname@example.org or http://www.stiftungmichael.de.
|Morris-Coole Prize 2008
The Morris-Coole Prize is an ILAE award that is given annually in recognition of an outstanding research paper
published in Epilepsia the previous year on any field of epilepsy research, either clinical or basic. The prize was established through
the generosity of Christopher and Sandra Morris-Coole with the intention of stimulating excellence in epilepsy research as well as
rewarding young researchers for outstanding contributions to the field. Award winners receive 10,000 euros and present the
Morris-Coole lecture at a major epilepsy meeting (at the International Epilepsy Congress during the years it is held).
Papers are nominated to the selection committee by the associate editors of Epilepsia from among the papers that were published in the journal the previous year. Last year’s Prize winner was chosen from among 14 nominations that were deemed deserving of special recognition by the associate editors. The associate editors are currently identifying likely manuscripts for the 2008 award.
ILAE Oral History Collection
As many of you will know, the ILAE has been collecting audio-taped interviews of ILAE figures, as part of its centenary celebrations. These are being recorded for the ILAE historical archive, and edited highlights of some interviews will be placed on the website and be available at the Centenary conference in Budapest. The purpose is to collect an oral history covering the period of the whole of the career of the interviewee. The interviewees are invited to reminisce about the ILAE, epilepsy and their own careers. The interviews are conducted face-to-face with Ms Giselle Weiss.
Although English is the preferred language, interviews can be also conducted in French or German. We would now like to extend this project to any member of the ILAE, and if you would like to be interviewed as part of this project, please email Professor Simon Shorvon (email@example.com) providing further details of the topics you would like the interview to cover.
Patient Perspective — A Poem
by Emily Allen
My mind possessed by seizures
They controlled my brain;
My speech, my emotions, my thoughts
Everyone talking, my brain stopping.
Life proved challenging
But I desired no special distinction.
I continued to study and play everyday
While doing homework and swimming
Hoping to avoid disarray.
Friends demonstrate love
With gifts, cards, calls, and e-mail
Life seems rough
In classes that are tough
But buddies, family, and prayer
Helped me stay strong
After brain surgery
Seizures seem like strangers
Therapy helps me relearn words and pictures
It's complex, but useful
Over all I give thanks,
For teachers, therapists, family, and friends
And look forward to the future.
Thank you, Lord
Emily Allen is a teenager who underwent surgery for her epilepsy. She gave this poem to her surgeon to let him
know how she was feeling after the surgery.
Name the Epileptologist Contest — Winner Announced
Congratulations to Torbjörn Tomson of Karolinska University Hospital in Sweden for not only identifying all the faces in the photo but also identifying the venue. This contest was published in the Spring 2007 issue of Epigraph. Torbjörn gratefully enjoyed the bottle of champagne that was his prize.
The venue was the Wasa Museum in Stockholm, the site of a dinner in conjunction with the “Update on Epilepsy: Advances in Pharmacology and Prognosis” meeting in October of 1993. Faculty pictured are as follows: (back row from left) Emilio Perucca, Alan Richens, Bill Theodore, Michael McLean, Torbjörn Tomson, Mark Gardiner, and Tim Pedley. (middle row from left) Bertil Fredholm, Johan Strom, Graham Collinridge, James Morgan, Uwe Heinemann, Tom Sutula, and David Chadwick. (front row from left) Dick Mattson, Johan Bengzon, Tadeusz Weilock, Ivanka Savic, Brian Meldrum, Robert Macdonald and Richard Olsen.
|Invitation to Xiamen, China for the 7th Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congress
Prof Shichuo Li, Co-Chair Prof Shih-Hui Lim, Co-Chair
International Organizing Scientific Advisory Committee
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
On behalf of the International Organizing Committee and the Scientific Advisory Committee, it gives us great pleasure to invite you to the 7th Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congress (AOEC) which will take place in beautiful Xiamen on the southeast coast of China, from 15 to 18 May 2008.
You will find the Scientific Program at least as attractive as with the earlier Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congresses. The Program includes the Chairman’s Symposium, the Inaugural Masakazu Seino Memorial Lecture, four Main and four Post-Main Sessions, eight Parallel Sessions, five ASEPA Didactic Lectures, a Chinese Language Session, Platform & Poster Sessions, Satellite Symposia and a Highlights Session.
The organizers have worked hard in developing an outstanding program by bringing in a truly international faculty. In addition, there will be a two-day program for people with epilepsy focusing on support and education as well as the HOPE project. The detailed scientific program can be found at this Web Site: http://www.epilepsyxiamen2008.org.
Apart from attending the Congress, we also invite you to tour Xiamen, a tourist city of Fujian Province famous for its attractive seascape. As one of the major seaports since ancient times, Xiamen boasts a wide gulf with deep water. The name of ‘Xiamen’ was consequently given, which means ‘the summer gate of china’. Xiamen has also been called the ‘Egret Island’ because of the hundreds of thousands of egrets inhabiting there. This is due to the beautiful natural scenery, the fresh air and the clean environment of the city.
There are abundant tourist attractions such as islands, mountains, temples and parks, etc., providing you with a full sightseeing schedule. The following are highly recommended for sightseeing:
- Gulangyu Island: a 10-minute ferry ride to the southwest; the old colonial home of Europeans and Japanese whose mansions still line the island's traffic-free streets; must see places include Sunlight Rock and the Shuzhuang Park;
- Nanputuo Temple;
- 10,000 Stone Botanical Garden;
- The Jimei District: recommended places are the Turtle Garden, Returnees Garden and the former residence of Mr. Tan Kah-Kee;
- A sea tourist line is also available for you to enjoy the amazing scenery of many beautiful small islands.
Meanwhile, Xiamen has plenty of special local products to be added to your shopping list, including various kinds of tea leaves, fruits like sugarcanes, olives and longans as well as sea products such as fish, prawns, crabs, abalones and lancelets.
We look forward to welcoming you to Xiamen in May and we hope that you will benefit greatly from the scientific program.
We also hope that you take this opportunity to
renew friendships, share information and
ideas with new acquaintances all while enjoying one of China’s finest cities.
Best wishes for the new year
Co-Chair, International Organizing Committee, 7th AOEC
President, China Association Against Epilepsy (CAAE)
Co-Chair, Scientific Advisory Committee, 7th AOEC
Chairman, Commission on Asian & Oceanian Affairs, ILAE
|Epilepsy and Pregnancy Registries
The risk that the medication can harm their children has been a major concern for all women with epilepsy considering pregnancy ever since the first reports on the possible teratogenic effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) were published in the 1960s. Despite numerous studies since then, many of the major issues have remained unsolved, especially concerning to what extent AEDs differ in their teratogenic potential. This is explained by methodological shortcomings, and in particular small sample sizes of previous studies. Thousands of AED-exposed pregnancies are needed given the large number of treatment options and the, after all, low prevalence of birth defects in children of mothers with epilepsy medication. This paucity of data necessary for a rational management of epilepsy in women of childbearing potential prompted the establishment of epilepsy and pregnancy registries. Although slightly different in their methodology, the registries are typically prospective observational studies aimed at enrolling large numbers of pregnancies with exposure to AEDs and with the common objective to assess the risk for major congenital malformations associated with different types of treatment.
There are two major types of registries. Some are driven by the pharmaceutical industry and enroll exclusively pregnancies exposed to the manufacturer’s own specific product and thus lack a comparator to other AEDs. Independent registries that enroll pregnancies with all available AEDs are more informative since they provide comparisons among the various treatment options. There are four major national/regional and one international registry of this kind. EURAP, an international AED and pregnancy registry launched in Europe in 1999, now enrolls pregnancies through reporting physicians from 40 countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and South America. To date more than 11,000 pregnancies with AED exposure have been included in the central database. EURAP has so far only published data on seizure control during pregnancy, but the first analyses of comparative teratogenic risks are underway. The North American AED Pregnancy Registry, established in 1997, relies on self-enrollment of pregnant women from the U.S. and Canada. By November, 2007, more than 6,100 pregnancies had been enrolled. This registry has released data on malformation rates in association with Phenobarbital, Valproate, Lamotrigine and Carbamazepine. The UK Register, in function since 1996, recruits pregnant women through physicians, nurses and patient self-enrollment. A total of 6,200 pregnancies had been included by December, 2007. The UK Register published malformation rates for all types of exposures based on the first 3,607 prospective pregnancies. The Australian Register, founded in 1999, relies mainly on self-enrollment by eligible women. The methodology is otherwise similar to that of EURAP and the Australian Register contributes data to EURAP, but also publishes independently. By January, 2008, 1,300 pregnancies were enrolled. The Kerala Registry is a regional registry launched in southern India in 1999. The methodology is close to that of EURAP and the data are partly shared with this international registry. More than 1,000 pregnancies have been enrolled in the Kerala Registry.
These registries have all been very successful in enrolling pregnancies during the approximately ten years of function. New important information is beginning to emerge as a result of these efforts as recently reviewed (Tomson et al., 2007). However, so far useful information has been obtained only for the most commonly used AEDs and mainly concerning overall malformation rates with these exposures. It is now time for the registries to take the next steps: to provide meaningful data on more than the 3-4 most frequently used AEDs, to compare the risks for specific malformations, and to include potentially important confounding factors in the analyses. This would require even more enrolled pregnancies and thus continued support from the epilepsy community is absolutely necessary. The registries have demonstrated their ability for efficient patient enrollment, and it is essential to keep up this momentum in the coming years. We encourage all physicians who treat patients with epilepsy who are pregnant or are considering having a child to encourage their patients to participate in the registries. Below are contact details for the registries for those who are willing to contribute to this important work.
UK Register www.epilepsyandpregnancy.co.uk
North American www.massgeneral.org/aed
Australian Register: Telephone number to coordinators +61 3 95947449
Kerala Registry: E-mail to coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Department of Neurology
Karolinska University Hospital
SE 171 76 Stockholm
Telephone. +46 8 51773705
Fax: +46 8 51773757
Torbjörn Tomson is Professor of Neurology at the Karolinska Institute as well as the Chairman of EURAP, the International European Registry of Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy.
Tomson T, Battino D, French J, Harden C, Holmes L, Morrow J, Robert-Gnansia E, Scheuerle A, Vajda F, Wide K, Gordon J, for the Epilepsy Therapy Development Project (ETDP) Work Group on Teratogenicity-Anatomical. Antiepileptic drug exposure and major congenital malformations: the role of pregnancy registries.
Epilepsy & Behavior. 2007;11:277-82.
| Report from the Commission on Classification and Terminology
The early formal efforts in classification resulted in tremendously useful systems for identifying specific diagnostic entities. Two ILAE reports provided separate classifications; the one from 1981 was specifically for seizures (1) whereas the 1989 report addressed types of epilepsy and syndromes (2). Both of these systems have become comfortable old friends. Yet, when we consider the advances that have been made in the years since these reports were issued, it is clear that these older schemes do not reflect much of the new information that is being generated and our expanded understanding of the epilepsies. Many of the concepts used in the structure of the 1989 classification of the epilepsies require revision. For example, “idiopathic” is often taken to mean “genetic” and is often accompanied by the presumption of “benign.” Few would be happy classifying Dravet syndrome along with Childhood Absence Epilepsy. The generalized-focal dichotomy is being relaxed as the roles of specific networks in producing “generalized” seizures are recognized. Perhaps most frustrating from the point of view of genetics, is the assumption that all focal epilepsies that are not part of already identified idiopathic syndromes are presumed “symptomatic.” In fact, all epilepsy is symptomatic of something. Since that report was issued, several new entities have been recognized within the focal epilepsies which have a suspected or demonstrated genetic basis, either because of patterns of familial aggregation or because of demonstrated genetic associations.
The Commission is currently tackling three separate but interrelated projects. The first concerns developing a new computer-based approach for organizing syndromes into clinically and scientifically justifiable groups along multiple relevant dimensions. Careful selection of terminology that is precise, meaningful, and unencumbered by past history is a key component of this activity. Instead of the quasi-taxonomic classification of 1989, the new system will reflect current and well-founded concepts and, as much as possible, eschew presumptions that have not been adequately demonstrated. The second task is to develop a rigorous, objective set of techniques and research standards for identifying potential new syndromes and testing those new syndromes. This will replace the highly descriptive and expert opinion-driven process of the past. Finally, the third task involves the development of a diagnostic manual designed to help physicians apply this information to individual patients.
Classification of epilepsies and seizures has been an area that has engendered great passion. So it is with much caution that the Commission on Classification and Terminology of the ILAE will recommend or institute changes. The intention is to seek comment from the epilepsy community, particularly on the organizational framework, once a prototype is developed. Input from colleagues throughout the community, both formal and informal, will be encouraged and welcome for all three projects.
Commission on Classification and Terminology Members and Liaisons:
Anne Berg (Chair), Jeffrey Buchhalter, Jerome Engel, Tracy Glauser, Douglas Nordli, Perrine Plouin, Philippe Ryvlin, Ingrid Scheffer, Walter von Emde Boas, Samuel Berkovic, Peter Wolf, Solomon Moshé and Martin Brodie.
1. Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. Proposal for revised clinical and electrographic classification of epileptic seizures.
2. Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. Proposal for revised classification of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes.
Anne T. Berg, PhD, is Research Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Northern Illinois University in Dekalb, Illinois, USA. She is also the Chair of the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology.
|San Servolo Epilepsy Summer School
The idea of organizing an Epilepsy Summer Course at the International School of Neurological Sciences of Venice (ISNV) came to me as soon as I was invited to succeed Diego Fontanari as ISNV President in 2001. The training activities of the ISNV take place in the facilities of the Venice International University in San Servolo that are ideally suited for residential courses.
After six years of the Summer School we can state that 315 students from 75 countries have benefited thanks to 116 teachers from 29 countries. The largest student attendance was in 2007. The success of the program is due to the generous commitment of the course directors, teachers and tutors who shared their outstanding experience with the students and lived with them for the duration of the course. Their enthusiastic contribution met a high degree of motivation of the students whose scientific and professional endowments made the interaction with the faculty particularly effective. I thank all of them for making my involvement in the Epilepsy Summer School so exciting.
The next Summer School is scheduled for 27 July through 8 August, 2008 with a theme of “Bridging Basic with Clinical Epileptology – 3”. The directors will be Uwe Heinemann of Germany and Marco de Curtis of Italy. For more information contact Melella Paterlini at email@example.com. Programs and organization details can be found on www. Univiu.org and www.ilaeepilepsy.org.
| 1st Pediatric Epilepsy Workshop, Kathmandu — A Report
The 1st Pediatric Epilepsy Workshop in Nepal was held in Kathmandu on Saturday, 29 September 2007. It was organized jointly by the Nepal Epilepsy Society and Asian Epilepsy Academy (ASEPA), ILAE.
Dr Nandita Bajaj, a pediatrician with a keen interest in pediatric epilepsy was the organizing secretary in Kathmandu and the patron was Prof JP Agrawal, President, Nepal Epilepsy Society. Dr Simon Harvey, Past Secretary of ASEPA was coordinating the workshop.
The speakers were eminent pediatric epileptologists Prof Shinichi Hirose (Fukuoka, Japan), Prof Ong Lai-Choo (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia), Dr Vrajesh Udani (Mumbai, India) and Dr Simon Harvey (Melbourne, Australia). The workshop was attended by 124 delegates comprised predominantly of pediatricians, adult neurologists and a few neurosurgeons, psychiatrists and general physicians. Presentations included an overview of epileptic seizures and syndromes, differential diagnosis of seizures, febrile seizures, idiopathic partial epilepsies, idiopathic generalized epilepsies, symptomatic partial epilepsies, symptomatic generalized epilepsies, clinical EEG/imaging assessment of seizures, and drug treatment of epilepsy. Surgical and dietary treatments were touched on briefly. Dr Bajaj gave a brief presentation on the spectrum of epileptic syndromes and etiologies in Nepal.
The workshop was a great success and was highly appreciated by all of the delegates. The excellent video demonstrations of seizures accompanying the lectures were highly appreciated and helped a great deal in enhancing understanding of different seizure types.
Overall the workshop has been highly successful in stimulating awareness about pediatric epilepsy in Nepal.
We are extremely grateful to ILAE, ASEPA for sponsoring this excellent workshop.
|Epilepsy & Seizure - A New Online Journal
The Japan Epilepsy Society is pleased to announce the launch of Epilepsy & Seizure, the English language online journal. Epilepsy & Seizure is the new medical journal of Epilepsy with the first issue published in January of 2008. There is no subscription fee. All review articles are open-access. The Japan Epilepsy Society invites the submission of articles. For more information go to the Japan Epilepsy Society web site at http://square.umin.ac.jp/jes/en/index.html.
|Upcoming Congresses and Educational Events (www.epilepsycongress.org)
|II Latin American Summer School on Epilepsy (LASSE II)
II Latin American Summer School on Epilepsy (LASSE II)
Sao Paulo, Brazil
7-17 February 2008
|Course on Epilepsy Surgery
European Project on Development of Epilepsy Surgery Program (EPODES)
Brno, Czech Republic
18-23 March 2008
Applications with CV and recommendation letter to Dr Cigdem Ozkara at firstname.lastname@example.org
|7th Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congress
7th Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congress
15-18 May 2008
|1st North American Regional Caribbean Congress on Epilepsy
1st North American Regional Caribbean Congress on Epilepsy
Rose Hall Resort and Country Club, Rose Hall, Montego Bay, Jamaica
30-31 May 2008
|San Servolo Summer School
San Servolo Summer School — Bridging basic with clinical epileptology-3
International School of Neurological Sciences of Venice
27 July-8 August 2008
www.univiu.org or email@example.com
|8th European Congress on Epileptology
8th European Congress on Epileptology
21-25 September, 2008
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This publication is made possible in part by an unrestricted educational grant from Pfizer Inc.