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Epileptic Disorders: Prolonged Epileptic Seizures: Identification and Rescue Treatment Strategies

Prolonged Epileptic Seizures: Identification and Rescue Treatment Strategies

Alexis Arzimanoglou, Thomas Bast, Jaume Campistol, Richard Chin, Aristea Galanopoulou, Lieven Lagae 
Epileptic Disorders Vol. 16, Supplement 1, October 2014

The majority of convulsive generalized tonic-clonic seizures terminate prior to two minutes with a small percentage prolonged up to five and occasionally ten minutes. Which are the factors leading to an occasional seizure prolongation? Which factors involved to seizure termination fail, consequently allowing some of the seizures to continue and develop into status epilepticus? What are the mechanisms involved? How can children at risk for prolonged seizures can be identified and treated? Can we agree upon an operational definition of prolonged seizures to determine optimal timing of treatment to prevent established status epilepticus?

Understanding of the mechanisms underlying the predisposition for prolonged seizures may lead to improved management pathways. The contributions published in this supplement of Epileptic Disorders are the final product of constructive debates held during an international experts workshop devoted to the topic of prolonged seizures, particularly in children.

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